Two mammals are endemic to the range, the Rwenzori climbing mouse and the Rwenzori Red Duiker, as are 19 of the 241 known bird species. There’s thick tropical rainforest on the lower slopes transitioning to the bizarre afro-alpine moorland on higher reaches.
ACTIVITIES RWENZORI MOUNTAINS NATIONAL PARK
Back in Uganda, the Ruwenzori’s were as popular with travelers as Mt Kilimanjaro and Mt Kenya, but this is definitely a more demanding expedition. The Rwenzori have a well-deserved reputation for being very wet and muddy, with trails that are often slippery and steep. There are treks available to suit all levels and needs, from one day jaunts in the forest to 10-day treks with Technical climbs. The six day treks are about the standard. The best time to trek is December to mid-March and from Mid-June to Mid-August, when there’s less rain. Even at these times. The higher reaches are often enveloped in mist, though this generally clears for a short time each day, April and October are the wettest months.
Guides, who are compulsory, even if you have conquered the seven summits, are on perpetual standby so you can book in the morning and leave the same day. Walking trails and huts are in pretty good shape to make life more comfortable. There are wooden pathways over the bogs and bridges over the larger rivers; all this lessens the impact of walkers on the fragile environment.
The 6-7 day Rwenzori loop Trail traverses a variety of montane habitats. Birds found in the montane forest are probably similar to those found around Ruhija in Bwindi INP. A particularly interesting area to explore would be the stunted forest and Giant Heath around tree line at 3000m, where a number of rare and highly localized birds may be found, African long-eared owl is known from this stunted forest and may also occur out into the heath zone. Albertine Rift Endemic’s- Handsome Francolin, Rwenzori Turaco, Montane (Rwenzori) Nightjar, Dwarf Honey guide, Archer’s Robin-chat, Red throated Alethe, Kivu Ground thrush, Red-faced woodland warbler, Montane masked and Collared Apalises, Striped Breasted Tit, Rwenzori Batis, Blue Headed, Regal and Purple-breasted sunbirds, Strange Weaver, Dusky and Shelley’s Crimsonwings. Others Lammergeier, Red-thighed sparrow hawk, Barred long-tailed Cuckoo, Western Green Tinker bird, Olive Woodpecker, Grey-chested Illadopsis, Grey-winged Robin, Evergreen Forrest and Bamboo Warblers, Lagden’s Bush-shrike, Montane Sooty Boubou, Golden-winged and Scarlet Tufted Malachite Sunbirds, White Collared Olive-back, Red Faced Crimsonwing and Oriole Finch.